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Saturday, 30 March 2019

María Moliner's 119th Birthday 2019, Google Doodle Celebrating Today

María Moliner was a Spanish librarian and lexicographer. She is probably best known for her Diccionario de Español, first published in 1966-1967 when she completed the work started in 1952. María Moliner's 119th Birthday 2019, Google Doodle Celebrating Today.

María Moliner's 119th Birthday 2019, Google Doodle Celebrating Today



  • Born: 30 March 1900, Paniza, Spain
  • Died: 22 January 1981, Madrid, Spain
  • Books: I Can Read Spanish: My First English-Spanish Word Book
  • Parents: Enrique Moliner, Matilde Ruiz

Google Doodle Celebrating Today, María Moliner's 119th Birthday 2019


Google Doodle Celebrating Today, María Moliner's 119th Birthday 2019




María Moliner devoted her entire life to work with all. Born in Paniza (a province of Zaragoza) on this day in 1900, the Spanish librarian, philologist, and lexicographer labored single-handedly to create a new kind of reference book, which was hailed as "the most complete, most useful, most accurate , and the funniest dictionary of the Spanish language "by novelist Gabriel García Márquez.

Moliner began working as a librarian at age 22 and was elected Head of the University of Valencia library in 1936. She took a special interest in the popular libraries project, developing a plan for Bibliotecas Rurales (Rural Libraries) to help in Literacy and Culture. Following the Spanish Civil War, her family was penalized by the new authoritarian government, causing her to pass over for faculty promotions.

Moliner began compiling her Diccionario de Uso del Español (Dictionary of Spanish Use) in 1952, working at home before and after her day job. A mother of four as well as a grandmother, she had extraordinary powers of concentration. Moliner would research words read in newspapers or heard on the street, aiming to outdo the dictionary published by Real Academia Española. "The Academy is the dictionary of authority," she once said. "I have not much respect for authority."



Instead of alphabetical organization, Moliner's dictionary was grouped in families of words, offering not only detailed definitions, but also synonyms, and guidance on usage. When she started the project she estimated it would take two years, but the first edition of the two-volume dictionary was not published until 1966-a total of 15 years later!

Her life inspired a stage drama, The Dictionary, as well as a documentary film, Tending Words However, the dictionary itself, sometimes referred to as "The María Moliner," is widely considered her great legacy.
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